White-faced Ibis White-faced Ibis
Photo Credit: Bob McLandress

Bird Conservation Plans

North American Waterfowl Management Plan

The North American Waterfowl Management Plan was developed and signed in 1986 in response to declining waterfowl populations. This plan lays out a strategy among the United States, Canadian and Mexican governments to restore wetlands. Recovery of these shared resources is implemented through habitat protection, restoration, and enhancement through regionally-based joint ventures.

California Riparian Bird Conservation Plan

The Riparian Bird Conservation Plan is a collaborative effort of the Riparian Habitat Joint Venture and California Partners in Flight, and has been developed to guide conservation policy and action on behalf of California's riparian habitats and wildlife. The plan is intended to provide a source of information on riparian bird conservation for managers, agencies, landowners, academic institutions and non-governmental organizations.

Partners in Flight

Partners in Flight (PIF) formed in 1990 in response to growing concerns about the declining populations of many landbird species. The initial focus was on Neotropical migrants (species that breed in North America and winter in Central and South America) but the focus has since spread to include all North American landbird species.

The central premise of PIF has been that the resources of public and private organizations in North, Central and South America must be combined, coordinated, and increased in order to achieve success in conserving bird populations in this hemisphere. The Partners in Flight North American Landbird Conservation Plan provides a continental synthesis of priorities and objectives that will guide landbird conservation actions at national and international scales.

Southern Pacific Shorebird Conservation Plan

A national partnership of government agencies, conservation organizations, academic institutions, educators, and policy makers came together with the purpose of restoring and conserving shorebirds. The result of their collaboration was the U.S. Shorebird Conservation Plan. At the core of the Plan are 11 shorebird planning regions, including the Southern Pacific Region. Each region reflects unique ecological characteristics and conservation issues. The mission of the Southern Pacific Shorebird Conservation Plan is to guide the provision of adequate, high quality shorebird habitat to restore and maintain California's shorebird populations.

U.S. Shorebird Conservation Plan

Concerns over shorebirds led to the creation of the U.S. Shorebird Conservation Plan in 2000. A partnership of individuals and organizations throughout the U.S., the plan develops conservation goals for each region of the U.S, identifies important habitat conservation and key research needs, and proposes education and outreach programs to increase awareness of shorebirds and threats to their survival.

U.S. Shorebird Conservation Plan

Pacific Americas Shorebird Conservation Strategy

The Pacific Americas Shorebird Conservation Strategy sets shorebird conservation targets, identifies major threats, and identifies highly effective actions to restore and maintain shorebird populations throughout the Pacific Americas Flyway. The intent is to present a comprehensive approach to address the most pressing shorebird conservation needs in the western flyway between Alaska and Chile, while considering the human communities that interact with shorebirds.

Waterbird Conservation for the Americas

Waterbird Conservation for the Americas is an independent, international, broad-based, and voluntary partnership created to link the work of individuals and institutions having an interest in, and responsibility for conservation of waterbirds and their habitats in the Americas. The Waterbird Conservation for the Americas partnership addresses the conservation and management of 210 species of waterbirds, including seabirds, coastal waterbirds, wading birds, and marshbirds in 29 nations.

The recently completed continental waterbird plan will be implemented within a framework of regional planning units. Regional plans throughout North America are in various stages of development. With support from the CVJV, Point Reyes Bird Observatory and its collaborators have recently initiated one for Bird Conservation Region 32 which covers the central and southern coastal slope of California, the Central Valley, and northern Baja California. This plan will address the conservation needs of inland and estuarine populations of loons, grebes, cormorants, herons, egrets, night-herons, bitterns, ibis, rails and coots, cranes, gulls, and terns, which are currently not adequately covered by other waterbird initiatives in this region. With the loss of over 90% of California’s wetlands and consequent declines of most waterbird species, leaving many of great conservation concern, there is an urgent need for planning to stem and reverse these declines.

North American Waterbird Conservation Plan

Coastal California (BCR 32) Waterbird Conservation Plan

The Coastal California Waterbird Conservation Plan is a regional plan associated with the larger Waterbird Conservation for the Americas initiative. The Coastal California plan focuses on the U.S. portion of Bird Conservation Region (BCR) 32, which encompasses the coastal slope and Coast Ranges of central and southern California and the Central Valley. The Coastal California plan provides a framework whereby a partnership of individuals and institutions can implement the broader initiative’s vision regionally by sustaining or restoring the distribution, diversity, and abundance of populations and habitats of breeding, migratory, and nonbreeding waterbirds in BCR 32.


The CVJV partnership has earned an impressive record of accomplishment since its inception in 1988, and is making great progress towards meeting the objectives identified in its 2020 Implementation Plan.